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Health Care

Health care is always two words (never “healthcare”), but do hyphenate when modifying the noun directly following:

  • Health care in the United States is costly.
  • Health-care policy is a key issue for the Obama administration.


Use “the” with a descriptive title, and abbreviate this title:

  • The Hon. John Doe, a prominent federal judge in Philadelphia, will speak at Penn tonight.
  • Tonight’s speaker, the Hon. John Doe, is a prominent federal judge and expert in patent law.
  • A collection of letters of the Rev. John Doe is housed at Van Pelt Library.
  • The Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King was a towering figure in the civil-rights movement.


Use a numbered list only when the number or ranking of list items is significant.

The oldest Western universities in continuous operation are:

  1. University of Bologna (1088)
  2. University of Paris (1090)
  3. University of Oxford (1096)
  4. University of Cambridge (1209)
  5. University of Salamanca (1218)

If there is no rationale for numbering the list items, use a bulleted list.

Philadelphia’s Big Five universities are:

  • La Salle University
  • St. Joseph’s University
  • Temple University
  • University of Pennsylvania
  • Villanova


Do hyphenate long-term. Do not hyphenate longtime.

Making History Campaign (Fundraising)

Penn is always in fundraising mode. When one campaign is closing, the University is in the quiet phase of its next campaign:

  • The formal title of the current campaign is Making History: The Campaign for Penn.

When referring in shorthand to the campaign, “Campaign” is capitalized:

  • The core priorities of the Making History Campaign are X, Y, and Z.
  • One of the top Campaign priorities is X.
  • Making History has exceeded its goal of $3.5 billion.


Do not hyphenate.

None is/None are

When “none” is followed by a singular subject, use a singular verb; when followed by a plural subject, use a plural verb.

  • None of the work is completed.
  • None of the team members were present.


Do not hyphenate.